A: Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of pretty primitive, intelligent, aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, including in Antarctica. Most penguins are found in dry, tropical climates. Highly adapted for life in the oceans, penguins have counter-shaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have become flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, octopus, squid, and other forms of sea-life caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans.
Visitors get to see an African pinguïn up close during a pinguïn encounter at Connecticut’s Mystic Aquarium. Note: I did NOT create this video -- I am merely adding it to this spot for your viewing pleasure.